Change of Status to F-1
An F-1 student is a nonimmigrant who is pursuing a full course of study to achieve a specific educational or professional objective, at an academic institution in the United States. Once the educational or professional objectives have been achieved, the F-1 student is expected by the U.S. government to return to his or her residence abroad.
A student acquires F-1 status using Form I-20, issued by the U.S. school which the student is attending/ planning to attend. Status is acquired in one of two ways: 1) by entering the United States with the I-20 and an F-1 visa obtained at a U.S. consulate abroad (Canadian citizens are exempt from the visa requirement); or 2) by applying to USCIS for change of nonimmigrant status (if the student is already in the United States and cannot travel). Please note that if you choose the latter form of acquiring F-1 status, you will not receive an F-1 travel visa, only F-1 status. This means that if you later travel outside the U.S. while in F-1 status, you will have to apply for F-1 visa at a U.S. consulate in order to be able to return to the U.S.
A person of any non-immigrant status except C, D, K, or M (and in some cases J), and except those who entered the United States under the terms of the Visa Waiver Program, can apply for a change to F-1 status if he/she has maintained lawful non-immigrant status up to the time of application. Those with J status who are subject to 212(e) two-year home country physical requirement may not change status in the U.S. unless a waiver has been granted. Non-immigrants in A, G, or NATO status must first complete Form I-566, and have it properly endorsed by the foreign mission to the U.S. and the Department of State.
Documentation Needed to Apply for Change of Status to F-1
We recommend that you make a copy of this application for your own record.
Mailing Address and Where to File
It may take USCIS several months to adjudicate an I-539 request, and therefore you are advised to use an address that you know will continue to be valid for at least the next few months. It is not recommended to try to change your I-539 mailing address once your application has been submitted to USCIS.
If you know that you will be moving soon, we recommend that instead of using your own current residential address, you instead consider using a friend or relative’s address in the U.S., if that friend or relative will not be leaving that address in the near future. If you select this strategy, make sure to include the name of your friend or relative on the line of the I-539 form that says “In care of.” Be sure to verify that their name is on their mail box.
The address that you use on your I-539 will dictate to which USCIS Service Center you should mail your application. If the address you use is in Michigan, you should mail your application to one of the following:
For U.S. Postal Service (including US Postal Service Express mail):
The U.S. Postal Service is the only service that delivers to a P.O. Box address. We recommend that you use a trackable mailing method so that you have delivery confirmation of your application. If you send your application with a method that requires a signature upon delivery, use the express mail and courier deliveries address below.
For express mail and courier deliveries (e.g., UPS, FedEx, DHL, etc):
If you are using a non-Michigan address on the I-539 form, please refer to the USCIS Form I-539 instructions for the correct USCIS mailing address.
In addition to the paper-based I-539 application, you may choose to apply for a change of status to F-1 electronically using ELIS (USCIS Electronic Immigration System). To read more about ELIS, and/or to register and begin using ELIS, please go to www.uscis.gov. Change of status applicants who use ELIS submit all documentation to USCIS electronically, including scanning and uploading each of your supporting documents. However, once your case is approved, USCIS will mail your official approval paper notice to you by regular mail. Therefore it is very important that you provide a valid mailing address on Form I-539, whether you file your application via ELIS or by regular mail.
If your change of status is pending with USCIS and you later decide to leave the U.S., your change of status is considered to have been abandoned.
Important Things to Remember
If you are currently in F-2 status:
Source: 8 CFR (Code of Federal Register) § 214.2(f)(15)(ii)
If you are currently in B1/B2 status:
Source: 8 CFR § 214.2(b)(7) and §248.1(c)
If you are currently in any other status (e.g., H, J, L, E, etc.):
Traveling and Reentering the U.S.
The alternative method of changing to F-1 status is through travel and re-entry, which may be preferred over the in-country change of status in certain situations. In this case, you would depart the U.S. and then apply for an F-1 visa at a U.S. embassy or consulate abroad, preferably the local consulate in your home country. If the F-1 visa application is approved and the F-1 visa is issued, then you can re-enter the U.S. using your F-1 I-20 form and F-1 visa. At the Port of Entry, you will receive an admission stamp with the notation “F-1 D/S” or an I-94 card with the same notation that confirms F-1 status.
Please note that Canadian citizens are exempt from the requirement of a having an F-1 visa to re-enter the U.S. in F-1 status. But travel and re-entry (with a new I-94 card) are still required for Canadian citizens to obtain F-1 status.
If you would like to discuss the risks and benefits of your strategy for change of status, or have questions about your options, please call the U-M International Center to schedule an appointment with an advisor.
Last reviewed: 11/13